Saturday, January 12, 2019

PEKINGESE - Puppies of the World

PEKINGESE - Puppies of the World



Friday, January 11, 2019

Overview of CAT BREEDS


Cats were one of the last animals to be domesticated. They were first found in households in Egypt about 5000 years ago. Today they are the most popular house pets, outnumbering dogs by more than two to one.

The earliest domestic cat was probably a Tabby, descended from the wild tabby cat.

The first cat show was held in London in 1871. There were 17 breeds listed at that show. Currently, there are 37 distinct breeds recognized in the United States.

 Though dogs were initially bred to do specific jobs, such as pulling, hunting or herding; cats have been bred for looks alone. Unfortunately, the desired physical trait that is bred for may carry with it undesirable defects.

Manx cats (which are tailless) for example often are born with malformed urinary tracts. Persians can have lethal defects of the eyes, nose and jaws. Both Persians and Siamese have a high incidence of cleft palate. Blue-eyed white cats are often born deaf and maybe sickly in general.

Coat type, longhair or shorthair, is the first level in classifying cat breeds. After that, each breed is divided into its accepted color classes.



The most common and most popular “breed” is not a breed at all, but the ordinary housecat, known as the domestic shorthair or the domestic longhair. They are also commonly called tabby cats, though this term actually refers to specific markings and coloration.

Of the purebred cats, the currently most popular are the Persian, Maine Coon and the Siamese.



Thursday, January 10, 2019

Fact Sheet: PEKINGESE

(Original Article: Pekingese Dog Breed Profile)

English: 15y.o. Pekingese
15y.o. Pekingese (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Description: 
The Pekingese is a toy breed with a chunky, sturdy build. This dog is only 6 to 9 inches at the shoulder and will weigh between 8 and 10 pounds. The long, flowing coat is instantly recognizable as is the pug face and long ears. The coat is found in a variety of colors, with red, gold, and sable being the best known. The coat can also be black, sable, or cream among other colors. The Pekingese has a life span of 10 to 15 years. This dog is also called the Peke or Peking Palasthund.

History: 
The Pekingese was considered by the Chinese Imperial Court to be a sacred dog. It was thought to be a manifestation of the mythical Foo Dog, which could drive away evil spirits. Ordinary people had to bow to the Pekingese and to steal one meant death. As this dog was thought to keep evil spirits at bay, an emperor's Pekingese was killed when the emperor died so that it could guard him in the afterlife. The breed was almost rendered extinct when the British overran the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860. The order was given to kill all the Pekingese so that they could not be taken by 'foreign devils'. Fortunately for the breed and mankind, five of the dogs survived and were brought to England. All Pekingese today are descended from these five dogs.

Temperament: 
The Pekingese is first and foremost, a companion dog. This dog tends to bond closely to one person and will expect plenty of attention from them. The Pekingese is quite happy to lie in its owner's lap for hours on end. This dog will be jealous if its owner's attention is not focused on it. It tends to be somewhat distant with strangers and is best with older children. The Pekingese may be small, but it has a strong personality.

Health Problems: 
As all Pekingese are descended from only 5 individuals, they do suffer from a multitude of health problems. Congestive heart failure is the most serious that this breed can experience. If this condition is caught early, when first detected as a murmur, it can often be treated medically. The Pekingese can catch a cold easily, and should not be kept outside for long periods. Because this dog has such a flat face, it experiences breathing problems such as snoring, snorting, and wheezing.

Grooming: 
The luxuriant double coat of the Pekingese needs to be brushed every day. If this is not done, the coat will become matted and tangled. As the Pekingese has facial wrinkles, these should be cleaned and dried as needed. The rather prominent eyes of the Pekingese should be attended to when the wrinkles are cleaned and kept free of debris.





Living Conditions: 
Needless to say, this is strictly an indoor dog. The Pekingese is not suited in any way to living outdoors. This dog will be perfect for an apartment, as its exercise needs are small. Most importantly, the Pekingese needs to be close to its chosen person as much as possible. The Pekingese should not be walked or exercised in hot weather because it short face makes it susceptible to heat stroke.



Wednesday, January 9, 2019

PUG DOG Breed Profile

A Pug dog.
A Pug dog. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Description: The Pug is a small dog, considered by some to be a dwarf Mastiff. It is a solid, compact animal with the dogs measuring 12 to 14 inches and weighing up to 20 pounds. The bitches are generally two inches shorter and have a weight of 13 to 18 pounds. The Pug is well known for its short, wrinkled face and a curled tail that rests on its back. The baby Pugs are sometimes called Puglets. The Pug's coat color can be black, fawn (often with a darker facial mask), silver, or apricot. Other names for the Pug include Mops, Chinese Pug Dog, or Carlin. The Pug can live for up to 15 years.

History: Two schools of thought contend over the origin of the Pug. It is the most generally accepted that the Pug came into being in Asia and is a descendant of the Pekingese. It was mentioned in the writings of Confucius and was a favorite among the Chinese royalty and nobility. The Pug was also kept in Tibetan monasteries. It was the Dutch East India Company that brought the Pug to Europe in the 16th century. The Pug was almost instantly popular and is featured in a self-portrait of the artist Hogarth.

Temperament: The Pug is an affectionate, outgoing dog that loves to be around people. It is something of a clown and often amuses its family with its playful antics. The Pug is very good with children and enjoys playing with them. The Pug is a confident and alert dog that will keep an eye on the house, without excessive happiness. It gets along fine with other dogs and family pets.

Health Issues: Due to its short muzzle, the Pug is susceptible to the usual problems that affect brachycephalic breeds. The Pug will snore and wheeze and can suffer from "snort attacks", which are alarming but not dangerous. The Pug can suffer from hip dysplasia, and this occurs in a majority of these dogs. Be careful that your Pug does not become overweight as this can make breathing and joint problems worse. A very serious ailment is Pug Dog Encephalitis, which causes brain inflammation in young dogs. A cesarean section is often necessary to deliver the pups.

Grooming: The lighter colored Pugs, fawn and apricot, can be fairly heavy shedders, especially seasonally, and should be brushed regularly. The black Pug sheds much less and does not need to be tended to as much. The wrinkly face of the Pug needs to be kept clean and dry as infections can develop in the moist wrinkle creases.





Living Conditions: The Pug is perfect for indoor living, being equally comfortable in a house or apartment. It should have a daily walk to keep it healthy, but these should be skipped in hot weather. Because of the short face of the Pug, it must be protected from both heat and cold. It can suffer heat stroke very easily and should be kept cool during the summer. The Pug will want to be with its human family as much as possible.



Tuesday, January 8, 2019

Understanding the Difference Between a PUGGLE and Their Parents

Playful Puggle
Playful Puggle (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A Puggle is one of the new hybrid breed dogs that is produced by mating a select male pug with a small female beagle. These Puggles are very not very high tempered and they would surely be because pugs and beagles are also sweet-tempered. These pups do not require much maintenance and they would go very friendly with the children.

They are very playful and sturdy dogs apart from being very lovable and loyal. However, unlike other hybrid dogs, the Puggles do not have any specific health concern which is observed in purebred pugs. As this dog breed has long and elongated nose they also do not face any breathing problems. The Puggles have a comparatively short coat, a distinctive curly tail and velvety ears. They generally range between 8 to 14 lbs and are nearly about 12 to 15 inches in height. It is possible for you to find different colors in Puggles.

The difference between the first generation of Puggles and second generation Puggles: There are a number of people who are confused about the first and second generation of Puggle as they also have the question whether it is possible to breed a Puggle with a Puggle. The first generation of the true Puggles actually comes from a purebred beagle parent and only from a purebred parent pug. Usually, all the pups in the lot would be very similar in looks. Their size and coat color can however differ but for the most part, their physical characteristics are similar.




It is actually possible to bread a Puggle to Puggle or second generation Puggle which is same as you bread any other dog. However, this breeding will not give the same outcome as the first generation Puggle. If you are breeding 2 Puggles from purebred parents then you will still be breeding with a half pug and half beagle but the genetics would be a little shuffled during the second time. the pups would look very similar like the beagles like the Puggles or pugs that you started with and their color of a combination. There are a number of people who are using what is called a poetic license that includes the Puggles. Here, the Puggle is not a part of Chihuahua, Poodle or any other breed but a mix of pug and the beagle only. The second generation Puggle would just be the result when a true Puggle is a breed to true Puggle and no other breed.

The way to establishing breeds is very difficult and would require time and many generations of careful breeding in order to gain a consistent outcome. As every purebred that is known today was once started using two different breeds of dogs you can just imagine how long it must have taken to create this consistent build and look that you recognize today. If the Puggles need to be the breed of their own then the conformation and look should be produced properly every time a Puggle is a breed to another Puggle.