Sunday, July 5, 2020

Is Your CAT BEHAVING Badly?

A young European cat. Porto Covo, Portugal.
A young European cat. Porto Covo, Portugal. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
If your cat is anything like mine then he or she loves to scratch at all kinds of things, things that you really do not want to see scratched up. Cats are one of the most amazing and wonderful pets to own but they can wreak havoc if you let them. You need to learn some techniques to keep the cats from their bad behavior.

Male cats tend to be the most troublesome of the species because they are the ones that are prone to spray. Spraying is one of the most terrible of all cat behaviors. This is a process of literally peeing on anything and everything. They spew urine out behind them in order to mark what they feel is their territory. The best way to treat this behavior is before it starts. The younger that you get your cat neutered the less likely he is to spray as he gets older. People are getting their cats fixed as early as 12 weeks.

If you are worried about getting your cat fixed this young talk to your vet and do some good research online. This is the age that the SPCA is getting this done on the cats that have taken in. This is the best way to nip bad cat behavior in the bud, especially spraying.



Of course, the most common cat problem of all is scratching. If your cat is scratching the furniture and you, and you have tried just about everything else you should give nail caps a try. These are little tiny caps that go over the end of the nails. They glue on like Press on Nails and they do not hurt your cat in any way. They do not even interfere with the claws' ability to withdraw into the paw. They are the perfect and painless way to keep your cat from doing any damage with his or her claws. Of course, these are only for indoor cats.




Sunday, June 28, 2020

How Much FOOD Does a Normal CAT Eat Per Day?

English: cat and dry food
Cat and dry food
(Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Different cats will eat different amounts of food during a day. Much will depend on the age and breed of the cat, as well as its metabolism. Some cats are finicky eaters and pick at their meals, and some will keep asking for more. Rather like humans, I guess.

A good rule of thumb for feeding a healthy adult cat weighing around 5.5lb or2.5kg is 1.7oz (50g) red meat, 0.7oz (20g) cooked rice and the same for green vegetables, plus 0.3oz (10g) of dry yeast, oil or vitamin/mineral compound per day. This is if you are cooking your own cat food. Increase these amounts proportionately for cats weighing more. This can be split into two meals, morning and night.

For tinned foods, the cat food packaging states that a cat weighing the same would need 4.5oz (130g), and dry food of 1.7oz (50g) per day.

You will need to weigh your cat by holding it while you are on the scales. Then put the cat down and weigh yourself again. The difference is the cat's weight.

When feeding my own cat, I give her half of a 100g sachet of 'wet food' each night. She also has access to dry biscuits all day as well as freshwater. However, the packet states that I should be feeding her (at a 5.5-6lb, 2 -3kg weight) 1-2 pouches per day plus a quarter to a third cup of dry food per day. They qualify this by saying 'depending on the age and activity level of your cat'. I have experimented with my cat and fed her more along the lines of what is suggested on the packaging. I found that she wasn't eating that much and I had to throw it out. She is as active as most other cats I've seen over the years and is in excellent condition for her age. I'm not suggesting that the cat food company is trying to have you overfeed your cat to sell more products. But I do suggest you experiment with your own cat and see just how much is eaten.

Of course, if your cat has special needs such as pregnancy, diabetes or other conditions, you would feed her what is required for that condition. Pregnant cats need considerably more food than a cat that is not pregnant. Young and very active cats will probably eat more than a sedentary 9-year-old cat.

It is very important that your cat receives the correct nutrients in its food. You need to check the food labels to make sure they are using meat, cereals, vegetables as well as essential vitamins and minerals. Stay clear of foods that include 'meat products' on the label as these can mean they have included bone, lungs, beaks, claws, hooves, muscles, arteries etc to bulk up the food. They can claim a high percentage of 'meat products' on the label but don't define what those products are.

Good cat food must include the right balance of protein, essential fats, minerals, vitamins and fibre to keep your cat in top condition. It is worth paying that little bit extra for a 'name' food as they have a reputation to protect.

So back to the original question of how much food does a normal cat eat per day? It varies depending on the age and condition of your cat. If you have always fed your cat a lot of food, this is what it will expect as the stomach is used to this amount. If your cat doesn't get much exercise, you can cut down on the food but do it slowly so the stomach and body get used to it. Why not do as I have done - give 1.7oz (50g) wet food plus access to dry biscuits and fresh water and see how your cat goes. Buying the 24 sachet box will save you money and you may be able to increase the quality of your cat's food.



Sunday, June 21, 2020

When Kitty has the FLU

A six-week old kitten.
A six-week-old kitten. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There are a number of medical conditions that affect your cat, and so having a vet that you can call for illnesses and injuries is best if you choose to keep a pet. Just like humans, a cat can also get the flu. Flu in cats is due to an upper respiratory infection and can affect cats of any age, but is especially found in young or old cats. If you suspect that your cat has the flu, call your vet to get further instructions for nursing your cat back to health.

The flu in a cat will look similar to the flu in a human. Depending on what agent is causing the flu, there are a wide range of symptoms and severities. Major signs that your cat has the flu include inflammation around the eyes and nose, discharge from the nose, a raised temperature, weakness and loss of appetite, sneezing, and coughing. It is important to get treatment for your cat immediately so that your cat is not left with chronic diseases.

Your doctor cannot cure the flu, as is also true for humans, but the symptoms of the flu can be treated. It is important for your cat to get plenty of nutrients during his or her illness, so that strength can be regained. Encouraging your cat to eat and drink is helpful, and if your cat is not averse to water, gentle baths may be relaxing. Talk to your vet about specific treats you can use, like sardines, which will get your cat to eat more even if he or she is ill. If your cat's condition worsens or is very severe, it is extremely important for you to take your cat to the vet. A vet hospital stay may be necessary to allow re-hydration and feeding.



There are certain things you can do to prevent cats from getting the flu. Vaccination for the flu will drastically reduce the severity of the flu if caught. If you have multiple cats in your house, you should also consider isolation if a certain cat has the flu, since this disease spreads quickly. Clean the bowls often and disinfect your hands and clothing after handling the cat. You can also talk to your cat's vet in order to find out other things you can do to help your cat feel better more quickly and to prevent your cat from getting the flu in the first place. Remember, vet care is always the best choice to keep your cat healthy and happy.


Sunday, June 14, 2020

Fact Sheet: BLOODHOUND - St. Hubert Hound

(Original title: Bloodhound Dog Breed Profile)

Bloodhound
Bloodhound (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Description:
The Bloodhound is considered to be a large type of hound. The dog will weigh between 90 and 110 pounds and the bitch 80 to 100 pounds. The height at the withers will be 25 to 27 inches for the dog and 23 to 25 inches for the bitch. The Bloodhound is recognizable for its wrinkled head, long ears, and soulful expression. The coat of the Bloodhound is short and has a hard texture and is predominantly liver and tan, black and tan, or red. The Bloodhound has a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years. This dog is also known as the Flemish Hound, the St. Hubert Hound, and the Chien de Saint-Hubert.

History: 
The Bloodhound is an ancient breed, dating back over 1,000 years. The Bloodhound probably originated in France but was perfected by the Monks of St. Hubert in Belgium. The name Bloodhound refers to the purity of its blood, not to any vicious qualities. The Bloodhound was taken to England during the Norman Conquest and was a favorite breed with the royal house for years thereafter. The Bloodhound was used primarily as a hunting dog for stags. Gifts of Bloodhounds were given to the Kings of France by the monks from Monastery of St. Hubert. Later, the exceptional nose of the Bloodhound was used in tracking criminals and lost children.

Temperament: 
Despite popular literature, the Bloodhound is one of the sweetest natured dogs. This dog is calm and gentle and can be trusted with children. Actually, the Bloodhound will sometimes have to be protected from children that want to play too vigorously with it, as it will not protest against harsh treatment. The Bloodhound loves to be in the midst of its family, interacting with them, and receiving attention. It is a loyal and devoted dog that is mild and patient.

Health Issues: 
The Bloodhound is a dog that is quite susceptible to bloat and care should be taken to do everything possible to prevent this condition. Feed the dog 2 or 3 small meals a day, rather than one large one, and keep the dog inactive for an hour after eating. If your Bloodhound does develop bloat, take it to the veterinarian immediately. Bloat is a life-threatening condition. The Bloodhound can suffer from hip dysplasia. Eye problems can also surface, especially entropion.





Grooming: 

As the Bloodhound has a short coat, a good brushing once a week will serve to keep it in good condition. As the Bloodhound has a rather strong 'doggy odor', the owner might like to give it a dry shampooing once in a while. The ears of the Bloodhound should be checked daily to make sure they are clean and dry. The pendulous ears make it easy for infections to begin.

Living Conditions: 
The Bloodhound is an affectionate dog and will do best in the house with its family, even though it is able to live outside. This dog is capable of living in an apartment if it is given sufficient exercise. The Bloodhound is a dog that loves to follow a scent and should be allowed to work off some energy in a daily walk.