Tuesday, January 23, 2018

The 5 Different Kinds Of WORMS That Can Harm Your Dog

Ancylostoma caninum, a type of hookworm, attac...
Ancylostoma caninum, a type of hookworm, attached to the intestinal mucosa.
(Photo credit: 
Wikipedia)
There are 5 different kinds of worms that can hurt your puppy or dog, and here is a list of them, and what they can do to your dog. There are many different types of medicines and antibiotics for your dog, and not all of them work on each symptom, so it is best to consult your vet for the proper treatment.

One of the easiest ways for puppies and dogs to pick up worms is by them playing or eating their feces matter. It is important to pick up your dogs' poop in the backyard all the time, on a regular basis, can keep it clean and safe.

Hookworms: Hookworms are not visible to the naked eye. Hookworms hide in the intestines and can be transferred to humans. Hookworms are small thin worms that hook onto the intestinal wall and they suck the blood from the puppy or dog, which can cause anemia and even death.

These worms actually have teeth, that cause bleeding in the intestines. Hookworms will grow to full maturity in the intestines. Hookworms can be spread from the mothers' mile right to the pups, to the whole family needs to be dewormed.

The worms like to live in feces matter, and contaminated soil, like the dirt you might have in your backyard your dog likes to play in maybe. If your dog has hookworms, some signs might include anemia, weight loss, diarrhea, bloody stools and very low energy. Hookworms could be present, and you won't be able to see them so you would need to take your pet, or a stool sample to the vet for a diagnosis.

Roundworms: Roundworms are the most common type of worms in puppies. Just like hookworms, roundworms attack the intestines and can cause a pot-bellied look, on your puppy or dog.

Puppies can get roundworms from their mothers' milk, or even from the uterus, before birth. They can also pick up the eggs from the contaminated soil outside since roundworm eggs can live up to several years outside in dirt and soil.

Roundworms can be transmitted to humans, just like hookworms, so it is vital to eradicate them as soon as practical. Roundworms will live in the intestines, and will grow to adulthood, and lay eggs that will produce more roundworms.

Roundworms can be seen by the eye in your dogs' vomit or stools, and is up to 7 inches long, and will resemble spaghetti somewhat. When your puppy or dog starts to get to many of these roundworms, you will see the pot-bellied appearance on them, and you may notice vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss.

Whipworms: Whipworms are one of the more harder worms to kill. Whipworms are long skinny shaped worms that live in the dog's colon, and you can not see them with your eyes.

Whipworms will also attach to the intestines, and cause intestinal bleeding inside your dog. Signs of whipworms could be weight loss, anemia, diarrhea with some blood or a gooey mucus type substance in it, and just a lack of energy.

Tapeworms: Tapeworms get their name because they look like flat Scotch tape. Tapeworms attack the intestines and can be seen by the naked eye. The tapeworms will look like a rice appearance in your dogs' stools.

Tapeworms can be broken into pieces, and sometimes you can see the worms on your dogs' anus and stools, still moving around, with your naked eyes.

Tapeworms are not transmitted directly to humans from dogs, but a human could still be infected. Some signs your dog might have tapeworms would be weight loss, uncontrollable itching around the anus area, lots of pain if your touch their abdominal area, and vomiting.



Heartworms: Heartworms are spread by mosquitoes, when mosquitoes are active, and go from one dog to the next. Heartworm can kill your dog if left untreated, and it is easily preventable. There are no symptoms of heartworms until it is almost fully advanced.

The heartworms destroy the muscle and tissue of the heart and can cause heart failure, and kill your dog. One of the best measures these days is to consult your vet for heartworm guard, and you can easily find medications online for your dog's heart since starting them on a medication is the best practice.

    By Vince Stead
    Vince Stead is the author of over 20 books. He has been raising dogs for over 25 years.
    You can find his books at places like Amazon, Barnes and Noble, and even his own website at http://www.vincestead.com

    You can get every one of his books as a book at regular price, and you also get them as digital downloads for only $2.99 each.

    Article Source: EzineArticles


Saturday, January 20, 2018

DEVON REX Cats - Genetics

Brown and white Devon Rex
Brown and white Devon Rex (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Genes account for things like eye coloring, the color of the coat, physical characteristics and sex determination.

Rex is the name given to gene mutations which are responsible for the guard hairs on the coat to be missing. The Rex cat has only the curly undercoat hair present. This breed of cat first made an appearance in Cornwall, England. The name of this cat was Cornish Rex. Then, just a few years later, in Devon, a kitten was born, from a litter of foreign-type kittens. This gene mutation gave life to the Devon Rex.

Where the Cornish Rex is warm and soft to the touch and has a slightly woolly feeling coat, the Devon Rex has a closer coat which feels more crisp and short. In the beginning, the coat of the Devon Rex was sparse and not very nice looking, but gradually, over time, cat breeders have managed to eliminate this feature and now it has an adequate covering making it that little bit more attractive!

Cat breeders are now able to transfer the Rex coat to any color or type of cat, and so although there are two standard types of Rex, any other breed can be produced with the typical wavy coat with the guard hair missing. The standard for Russian Blue cats set out by the American Cat Fanciers Association, states that it is a dainty cat distinct from all other breeds with its soft, lustrous, bright blue double coat, and that handling it feels like running a silk scarf through your hands.




Friday, January 19, 2018

The LEONBERGER DOG - A Detailed Description of the Breed

Hercules
Photo by rebekamusprime
The Leonberger is first and foremost a family dog. As such, the Leonberger temperament is one of his most important and distinguishing characteristics. Well socialized and trained, the Leonberger is self-assured, insensitive to noise, submissive to family members, friendly toward children, well composed with passersby, and self-disciplined when obliging his family or property with protection. Robust, loyal, intelligent, playful, and kindly, he can thus be taken anywhere without difficulty and adjust easily to a variety of circumstances.


The Leonberger appears majestic in a generous double coat. He is a large, muscular, and elegant dog with balanced body type, medium temperament, and dramatic presence. The Leonberger's head is held proudly and adorned with a striking black mask which helps to protect the breed's distinct expression of intelligence, pride, and kindliness. Remaining true to his early roots as a capable family and working dog, the agile Leonberger is sound and coordinated, exhibiting strength in bearing and elegance in movement. The Leonberger possesses either a strongly masculine or elegantly feminine form, making gender immediately discernable. When properly trained and socialized, the Leonberger is vigilant, loyal, and confident in all situations. Robust, obedient, intelligent, playful, and kindly, the adaptable Leonberger is an appropriate family companion for modern living conditions.

The Leonberger is a very large dog. For a mature specimen, the height at the withers is ideally the median of the breed's range- 28 to 31.5 inches for dogs and 25.5 to 29.5 inches for bitches. The weight of his trim, well-muscled body is in direct proportion to his size. Elegantly assuming a rectangular build, the Leonberger is a well-balanced dog in form and function; the proportion of his height to his length is at about nine to ten. Necessary for efficient movement and providing for a harmonious silhouette, his front and rear angulation are moderate and balanced. Capable of demanding work, the Leonberger is a dog of ample substance. His frame is effortlessly supported with well-muscled, medium to the heavy bone in direct proportion to his size. A roomy chest is sufficiently broad and deep for the purpose of work. Seen in profile, the chest curves inward from the pro-sternum tangentially joins the elbow to his underline at fifty percent of the withers' height and then continues slightly upward toward the stifle.

Correct head and expression, in harmony with overall size and coat, are hallmarks of the Leonberger and are always appropriately masculine or feminine. The head is well balanced in proportion to the size of the dog and is deeper than broad with the length of muzzle and the length of skull approximately equal. The head is painted with a striking black mask that extends above the eyes; the Leonberger's good-natured expression is elegant, intelligent and confident. Likewise, the nose and lips are black and effortlessly blend with his mask. With close-fitting eyelids, the eyes are elegantly set into the skull upon a slight oblique; the eyes are medium sized, almond shaped, and colored a rich dark brown. Integral to the head's silhouette, the ears are fleshy, moderately sized, and pendant shaped, with sufficient substance to hang close to the skull and drop the tip of the ears level with the inside corners of the mouth. Vigilantly set slightly forward, when alerted, the Leonberger's ears rise from halfway between the eye and the top of his skull to level with the top of his skull. True to his refined nature, the upper lip fits tightly and seamlessly around the lips of a strong lower jaw, effortlessly preventing drooling under most circumstances. Though level bites and slight anomalies not affecting the robustness of the lower jaw are common, the ideal Leonberger capably possesses a strong scissor bite with full dentition.

Holding the head proudly aloft, the Leonberger's neck is well muscled and flows elegantly from the backskull into well laid back shoulders, blending smoothly into withers on the top line and flowing cleanly through the underline. The backline remains strong and levels through the rump. Coupled with a pronounced pro-sternum and conducive to strenuous work, a well sprung, oval-shaped rib cage supports a moderately broad and roomy chest, achieving a depth sufficient to meet properly placed elbows. Back and loin are broad and strongly coupled with a slight tuck-up. The croup smoothly slopes into his tail which is set just below the level of the back. The tail is comprised of tailbones sufficient to reach the hock of a properly angulated rear assembly; the tail is well furnished and blends harmoniously with rear feathering. Denoting their confidence when in repose, the Leonberger's tail hangs straight down. Though showy males may adopt a sickle tail in the ring and Leonbergers' tails commonly manifest excitement or rise toward the level of the back in movement, the ideal tail carriage is always relaxed.

The Leonberger has a generous, water resistant, double coat on his body that is complemented by the shorter, fine hair on his muzzle and limbs, making the coat both well suited for work and a defining attribute of the breed. The long, profuse, outer coat is durable, relatively straight, lies flat, and fits close, strengthening his silhouette. Mature, masculine Leonbergers exhibit a pronounced mane which proudly parades the entirety of his neck and chest, helping to define a lion-like outline. The Leonberger is harmoniously festooned with distinct, ample feathering on the back of his forelegs and breeches. Similarly, his tail is very well furnished from the tip to the base where it blends harmoniously with the breech's furnishings. Climate permitting, his undercoat is soft and dense. Apart from a neatening of the feet, the Leonberger is presented untrimmed. Accompanying his striking black mask, a variety of coat colors are acceptable, including all combinations of lion-yellow, red, red-brown, and sand. His coat may be highlighted with black tippings which add depth without ever dominating the overall color.



With an efficient, balanced, ground-covering gate, the Leonberger is effortless, powerful, free, and elastic in movement. A well-built Leonberger is always balanced and controlled at the trot, maintaining a level topline. Viewed from the front or from behind, forelegs and hind legs travel straight. Increasing reach and drive, his legs tend to converge toward the centerline of the body as his speed increases. Asleep on the couch, working on his legs, or trotting in the show ring, the Leonberger is an impressive, elegant, and dramatic dog!




Thursday, January 18, 2018

Are MINIATURE PINSCHERS and DOBERMAN PINSCHERS Related?

MINI-PINSCHER *Pinscher miniatura
Photo  by jacilluch 
Doberman Pinschers are known for being energetic, determined, alert, fearless, and aggressive dogs. Also lauded for their speed, endurance, and intelligence, Doberman Pinschers are easily trainable which is why we see most of them being part of the police or army excursions. However, this is not all Doberman Pinschers are good for. Doberman Pinschers have their soft side too as these dogs have proven to be trusty companions and guardians as well.

Miniature Pinschers, also known as "Mini Pinschers" on the other hand, are known for being alert, spirited, and fearless dogs. Miniature Pinschers are relatively small in size, ranging from 10-12 inches tall. They have easily recognizable docked tails and cropped ears just like Doberman Pinschers.Truthfully, it may seem like the only difference between Miniature Pinschers and Doberman is their size. Miniature being the Doberman's seemingly smaller counterpart, have also earned themselves the title the "King of Toys" being that they are considered toy dogs but are larger than most and are physically quite similar in appearance to Doberman Pinschers.

However, contrary to popular belief, Miniature Pinschers and Doberman Pinschers are not actually related. While it is true that Miniature a lot of similarities to Doberman in terms of their disposition and appearance, Miniature Pinschers are not just smaller versions of Dob Pinschers. They have a lot of traits and qualities that are unique distinctly unique to their breed.

The Miniature is a dog breed that traces its roots to early Germany. Several hundred years ago, these dogs were specifically bred to be barnyard ratters. It was the primary goal of Miniature Pinschers to keep rats and other rodents away from horse stables. Miniature count Daschunds, Italian Greyhounds, and Terriers as their ancestors.

Doberman Pinschers, on the other hand, were bred in the late 1800s by a German tax collector named Louis Doberman. Basically, he wanted a dog to serve as both his protector and companion. Dogs of this breed count Short-haired Pinschers, German Shepherds, Rottweilers, and Greyhounds as their ancestors.


So now we see that the uncanny similarities of Miniature Pinschers and Pinschers should not be that big of a mystery. Both Mini and Doberman share the same ancestors. And since both dog breeds originated in Germany, some may easily assume that Miniature Pinschers and Doberman are directly related. Perhaps it would be a good compromise to say that the two dog breeds are distant cousins. However, the bottom line is that Miniature and Pinschers are both unique in their own right. Perhaps their similarities stem from a lucky coincidence but it is still important for owners of both Miniature and Doberman to know what makes each of their loyal companions or each dog breed distinctly unique from the rest.

    Lea Mullins discusses whether Miniature Pinschers and Doberman Pinschers are related. Visit TrainPetDog.com to learn about different dog breed.
    Article Source: EzineArticles


Wednesday, January 17, 2018

WEIGHT PROBLEMS In Dogs: Is Your Dog Fat?

Obese canine from New Orleans
Photo  by Mr. TGT 
People may not be aware of this, but obesity is one of the greatest problems dogs are dealing with these days. Obesity, like humans, is also caused by excessive eating and unhealthy binges. Mostly, this situation is triggered by some environmental factors that when not controlled may just lead to more problems.

Like humans, dogs develop certain diseases too when they are overweight. These diseases will lead to more serious complications including death. So for people who wish to know the repercussions of obesity in dogs, here are some of the known consequences:

1. Arthritis

Obesity in dogs tends to put extra weight on their bones. In turn, the joints and other parts of the dog’s bones develop arthritis.

Excess weight in dogs may also initiate the development of other muscle and joint problems like spinal disc disease, hip dysplasia, and cracks in the joint ligaments.

2. Diabetes

Like humans, dogs can get diabetes too. We all know for a fact that overweight cause diabetes in humans, this can also happen in dogs. This is because the more fat is stored in the dog’s body, the greater its system will generate insulin in order to cope up with its growing mass. Hence, dogs have the tendency to resist too much insulin in the body. The end result is diabetes.

3. Skin problems

Obesity in dogs can cause some skin problems. This is because excess fat deposits are being stored in their skin; hence, their owners are having a hard time grooming them. When dogs lack proper grooming, there is a tendency to accumulate bacteria, dirt, or other elements that could cause harm to your dog’s skin. In the end, they develop rashes, skin ruptures, and infections.

4. Capacity to tolerate heat

With too much fat deposits accumulated in their skin, dogs are more inclined to problems concerning heat tolerance. This is because dogs find it hard to tolerate heat due to the build-up of fats in their skin. That is why most obese dogs are prone to heat stroke especially during summer time.

5. Respiratory problems and other heart diseases

Like humans, obese dogs have also the tendency to develop respiratory problems and heart diseases. This is because the chest cavity is already covered with thick fat deposits. Hence, whenever the dog breathes, the lungs are having a hard time to expand, so does the heart. The problem starts when the heart and the lungs can no longer produce the right amount of oxygen and circulate it within the dog’s body.

6.  Gastrointestinal problems

Obesity in dogs causes some problems in their intestines and pancreas. This problem results in the inflamed pancreas, which, in reality, is very painful to the dogs and can also cause death among them.

7. Liver problems

Fats are harder to strain and this can pose a great problem to the dog’s liver. Hence, when the liver can no longer function well because of the fat deposits that accumulated in the area, liver problems may occur and may even cause the death of your dogs.

These health problems are indeed life-threatening. And so, it depends upon the owner how to combat these problems in order to keep their dogs healthy.

One of the greatest ways in solving weight problems is a strict exercise schedule. So, it is a must that owners should create a healthy exercise schedule for their dogs. This can be done by tagging them for a walk every afternoon or letting him run through a field.

The best thing about this program is that not only the dogs get the chance to exercise but their owners as well. So, it’s a double result with just one purpose.



Next is to create a healthy diet for your dogs. Diet meals are extremely important for dogs so that they can still obtain the necessary nutrients they need in order to stay healthy. This should include the right combination of fiber, meat, vegetables, vitamins, and minerals.

However, dog owners should always keep in mind that when their dogs are taking fiber, more water should be employed so as to prevent constipation.

Alternatively, dog owners should also remember that before incorporating all of these things to your dog, it’s best to consult the veterinarians first. In this way, only the proper methods of dieting for dogs shall be employed.

So, for healthier and happier dogs, give them the best love and care you can give plus a great dietary regimen. As they say, a healthy dog is a happy dog.