Monday, June 26, 2017

PERSIAN CAT Health Problems

The Persian cat consistently ranks as one of the most popular breeds of cat across the US and a number of other countries. With the chubby cheeks and cute short face, theirs is a memorable look and added to that the thick coat, Persians are unmistakable. Unfortunately, generations of breeding to achieve these and other particular looks has led the Persian to have more than the usual amount of health problems and this is something a potential cat owner should understand before adopting one. Here is a look at some of the main ones.

Doll face silver Persian cat
Doll face silver Persian cat
(Photo credit: 

About the Persian
Persians have been known as a domestic cat breed since Victorian times and have always been popular. There are currently two types of Persian; traditional and show. The show Persian has a ruff around its head, small ears, a flat nose and big rounded eyes. It is sometimes referred to as the Peke-faced type of Persian and has a heavily boned but short body. The traditional Persian, or doll faced, has less extreme features with a normal length nose. Both types comes in a variety of coat colors and patterns and have the same gentle and loving personality.

The first thing any potential owner should know about the Persian is that this breed needs daily grooming to maintain its coat and health. Most breeders recommend a daily comb to get rid of mats and tangles in the fur and also to remove loose hair, which benefits the cat and also means less is shed all over the house. The color of the coat of a Persian can affect the type of fur it has varying from silky and shiny to soft and cottonlike. The latter tangles easier than the former and takes more time to groom properly.

In addition to the daily grooming, Persians should be bathed every week. This needs to start from the youngest age possible to avoid terror and fear and to teach them that bathing is a good thing and something you can do together. Some people blow dry their coat on the very lowest setting to avoid burning the skin and comb as you go.

Both types of Persians have a tendency towards weepy eyes. To prevent staining of the fur and discomfort, each day their eye area should be carefully bathed.

Health problems
There is nothing to say that any cat will or will not get a certain health condition though some breeds are more predisposed towards some conditions than others are. Always use a breeder who knows their cats and their genetic background but anyone that offers a 100% guarantee of health is not being honest.

The main health conditions that Persians are predisposed towards are:

• Polycystic kidney disease (PKD)
• Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
• Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
• Bladder stones
• Cystitis (bladder infections)
• Liver shunts

PKD is a hereditary condition that causes cysts to form in the kidneys and eventually leads to dysfunction of the organ. It can affect one or both of the kidneys and symptoms start to manifest at an age of 7-10 years, though it can appear earlier. There are tests to see if a cat is predisposed to the condition and many breeders are taking this to then remove the genetics from the breeding program with the long-term aim of removing the predisposition entirely.

PRA is also hereditary in Persians but manifests early in life, at around 4-8 weeks of age and rapidly progresses to complete blindness by the age of 15 weeks. Studies are currently underway to get more information about the condition.

HCM is the heart disease common to all types of cats where the thickening of the left heart chamber causes problems and sometimes leads to death. It generally affects male cats and from middle to older age. Tests need to be done regularly to check for it, as there is no genetic trait to show for it.
As well as genetic conditions, the peke faced type of Persian can often be prone to breathing difficulties due to the shape of their face and nose.

Combating problems

If your cat has a hidden genetic problem, then there is little you can do about it until it manifests but the majority of Persians live a full and healthy life. They are susceptible to heat due to their heavy coat and should be monitored for overheating as well as associated breathing problems. This means they should not be transported in the cargo bay of a plane, as the chance of respiratory distress is strong and can even lead to death in extreme conditions.

Finally, the best way to help your cat is to watch them and learn their personality and behavior. This will mean that if something is wrong, you have the best possible chance of spotting it quickly and getting them to your vet. Remember, animals instinctively hide illness so you need to be part detective and part cat psychologist to figure out problems before they worsen.

As a general rule, Persians are healthy cats with a laid back and loving personality. They make excellent pets and are very interactive and affectionate with their owners. Always remember that any pet is a commitment and with their grooming needs, a Persian is more so than other breeds. But they repay that attention with years of love and companionship.

Sunday, June 25, 2017

Cat Breed - AEGEAN CAT

The Aegean cat, a relatively new breed of naturally occurring felines, was developed in the 1990's in the Cycladic Islands; it is the only species of cat native to Greece. The Aegean is a relatively rare breed although it is prolific in number in Greece itself.

English: The Aegean cat can be house-friendly ...
A juvenile male Aegean cat. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Aegean's are of average body size with a strong, robust build; its physique is sturdy and they have medium-sized feet and rounded paws. The Aegean's head is middle-sized, not-rounded and broad; with oriental shaped eyes that can be in any color of green.

Its hairy ears have a wide base with circular tips; the kink free tail is straight and of average length. The Aegean cat's semi-longhaired coat is without down hair; it sheds in summer to be of short length and during winter is thick and rich, providing adequate warmth for the harsh winter climate.
This breed's fur color is either bicolor or tricolor; white is always one of the coat's colors, taking up about half of the body and never yellowing. The other colors include red, black, cream and blue and the pattern is often banded.

Personality wise, the Aegean is bright and astute, with a pleasing nature that endears itself to people; as cats they are active and playful and make for very efficient mouse-catchers! They can be quite vocal and are happy to live indoors most of their lives. This is a very independent cat but they can be quite friendly too; often found roaming the local beach, these cats adore fish and will pester fisherman for some of the day's catch.

Aegean cats make great pets and are quite sociable, often living in small groups. They are a hardy breed that require little attention and minimal grooming.

Saturday, June 24, 2017


All dogs need love in order to lead happy, healthy lives. Since most breeds of hypoallergenic dogs are smaller, they will need even more love. There are several ways that you can show your dog that you love them. Spending time together, exercising, giving them healthy, nutritious food, and treating the dog with respect are all ways to show your love. In return, you will have a loyal companion that will respect and protect you, your family, and your home. 

Español: Bichon Bolognes
Bichon Bolognes
(Photo credit: 
Most small breeds need to be around people in order to feel safe. Hypoallergenic breeds enjoy sitting on the couch together, curling up by their owner’s feet, and following you around the house when you are home. Spending time with your dog by playing fetch, sitting on the floor, and talking to your dog are all activities that your dog wants to do with you. 

Since some breeds can get into trouble when they are left alone all day, you should keep your dog in one room of your home or you should crate train your dog. Dogs that are left alone may get angry or become anxious and nervous. As a result, they will chew on furniture, walls, clothing, or they will break items and rummage through the trash. Keeping your dog in a small room will help them stay calm. 

Walking your dog once or twice a day and letting it outside to play is another way to show the dog love. Exercise is a great way to bond with your dog. Not only will the dog be able to spend time with you, you and the dog will benefit from the exercise. Even if you do not have time to walk the dog everyday, you should still let the dog run around your back yard so it gets the exercise it needs. 

Making sure your dog has enough food during the day is the third way that you can show your dog love. There are dog foods for different breeds and stages of life. You should research which dog food is the best by asking the vet, reading about what your dog needs, and by reading the labels on the food. As dogs age, they will need different nutrients to keep their teeth and coat healthy. It is best not to switch dog food brands often because you may upset the dog’s stomach. If you want to introduce a new dog food, do it slowly until the dog gets used to it. 

Respecting your hypoallergenic dog’s space will result in the more respect from your dog. Make sure your dog has a clean bed or blanket and they receive enough attention during the day. If your dog is sleeping, then you should not disturb it. This will only make the dog angry. Taking care of a dog also means respecting the dog’s boundaries. Some small breeds will become angry when their space in invaded during times when they do not want to be disturbed. As your dogs grows, you will learn when to socialize with the dog and when leave it alone. 

Friday, June 23, 2017

MALAMUTE Vs HUSKY - How to Choose

So you have decided to get a sled dog. Not particularly for pulling a sled but that style of dog... but what type exactly? And when we are speaking of huskies the argument typically ends up being a final choice between Malamute vs Husky. Both are outstanding animals although there are subtle differences between both. Understanding these subtleties goes a very long way towards making sure you, your family and your dog make the very best match!

Lets uncover some more about the Husky vs Malamute...

Black and White Siberian Husky
Black and White Siberian Husky
(Photo credit: 
Malamute vs Husky - Origins

To most of us, the Siberian Husky and the Alaskan Malamute are very similar dogs. And in many ways they are. However in other ways, these two fine animals couldn't be more different!

Both the malamute and the husky are Nordic breeds and companion animals to their tribes families. These majestic animals were also bred, trained and developed to pull sleds for their tribes.

The Siberian Husky hails from Siberian tribe the Chukchi. The Malamute stems from the tribe name of the Mahlemuit Eskimos in Alaska and is believed to be descended from the Arctic Wolf. Both animals have been developed for centuries.

Malamute vs Husky - Coats and Markings

Both these dogs exist in a variety of facial markings and coat colors. Interestingly, both breeds have shades of gray, silver, red and tan mixed with white however the only solid color is white. The malamute and the Siberian husky (also called a Sibe) have an amazing variety of facial markings to distinguish them. It is not uncommon for these facial markings to create "masks" and even "goggles" which not only gives them their own unique individuality but also creates some mischievous looks at the same time!

Alaskan Malamute Ch.Windchaser's The Seventh Son
Alaskan Malamute
(Photo credit: 
Malamute vs Husky - Eyes

One of the most spectacular features of both the Siberian Husky and the Alaskan Malamute is their eyes. Both are dazzling but both are unique. While the eyes of the Malamute are usually almond shaped and brown, there are no color restrictions for a Sibe.

Siberian Huskies are known for their striking sky blue eyes but may also have green or brown eyes. Cooler still is the fact that a Sibe can be bi-eyed (different colored eyes) or even parti-eyed (different colors in the same eye.).

Malamute vs Husky - Size and Grooming.

This is where the main differences between these two breeds are found. The largest of the Northern breeds, the Alaskan Malamute weighs up to 95 pounds and can usually stand anywhere from 24 to 26 inches tall.

With an average coat length of 3 inches, the malamute will shed quite a lot and needs a good brushing at least every two weeks. Weekly is better. Evolved to easily track through the snow, they have large, wide and round paws, almost in the shape of a snow shoe!

Although still a fair size, the Siberian Husky is classed more as a medium sized breed. Standing at around 20 to 23 inches and weighing in anywhere between 45 to 60 pounds.

Grooming is the big difference between these breeds! Much like a cat, the Siberian Husky is a very clean animal and will bathe and lick itself almost relentlessly. This pooch really looks after itself and a good thorough brushing two or three times a year will be all you need!

The Sibe also changes it's coat with the climate to get ready for the next season.

Regarding the sizing of these animals, the details listed above are actual "show standards." Malamutes and Huskies bred as pets can often be a few inches taller and a few pounds heavier.

Malamute vs Husky - Temperaments.

The temperaments of both breeds are very similar. Considering that they are working dogs they need a lot of exercise and lots of room to move. Got an apartment or small yard? Then this is not the sort of dog for you.

The malamute and the husky are also tremendously loyal pack animals. They crave to give and of course receive love and attention. Social animals that they are, being alone is not a good match. Boredom and loneliness can trigger damage and destruction.

Malamute vs Husky - Final Say.

All things considered, both breeds are outstanding animals with many similarities. Both dogs require attention and love and loads of room to move and exercise. Both breeds have wonderful personalities and both will most likely steal your heart!

In the end, if you prefer a large playful pooch and have time for grooming then the Alaskan Malamute is ideal. Nevertheless, if you are considering a slightly smaller dog with less coat maintenance then the Siberian Husky is the breed for you.

The Husky is my absolute favorite breed of dog! Loyal, affectionate, exciting and just loves to run and have fun!

Thursday, June 22, 2017


Grooming your Golden Retriever is a never ending process.  The entire process should be down once or twice a week, and will take you around a ½ an hour of time.  Brushing your dog while he is shedding will help to control shedding quite a bit.  While outside, if your Golden Retriever manages to get burs or other defects in his hair, you should instantly take a few moments of your time and get the burs or other matter out of his coat.

Golden Retrievers being groomed before a dog show.
Golden Retrievers being groomed before a dog show.
(Photo credit: 

When you groom your pet, you should always start with a good brushing.  Brush his entire body, then once you have finished brushing you can switch to a comb to get out any loose hair that remains in the coat.  While you are getting out the hair, you can also inspect your pet for ticks, fleas, and other types of skin ailments.  If you wish, you can also check his ears and trim his nails as well.

Bathing your Golden is essential to grooming, and can be somewhat complicated.  Before you attempt to give him a bath, you should always brush him first, to get rid of tangles.  During shampooing, you should always use shampoos that are specifically for dogs, since human shampoo can dry a dog’s skin out.  You don’t need to bathe your dog often, once every other week is good enough.  If you properly maintain your Golden’s coat, you’ll find it’s much easier to clean.

To prevent matting, which is very common with Golden Retrievers, you should always make sure that you brush your pet on a daily basis.  Metal combs and brushes work extremely well, and will help you to get a great deal of the hair out.  Although some people choose to use scissors and cut the mats, you can easily injure your Golden if he happens to move or jerk.  Scissors aren’t recommended, as brushing and proper bathing will help to prevent matting of the hair better than anything else.

When you cut your dogs nails, you should trim them a great deal, all the while avoiding going down into the quick.  You should never let your Golden’s nails get too long, as long nails can easily take the shape of the dog’s foot, resulting in a splay.  Therefore, you should always check your Golden Retriever’s nails and trim them every few weeks.  If you trim them just right, you’ll have at least 2 weeks before they need to be trimmed again.  If you do happen to trim the nails past the quick, bleeding will occur.  To stop the bleeding, always keep some styptic powder on hand to make sure that you are prepared if you do make a mistake.

With other types of grooming, you should also make sure that you clean your Golden’s ears as well.  They can get ear infections quite easily, if you don’t clean their ears on a regular basis.  To get the best results and protect your pet from ear infections, you should clean his ears once a week using a quality cleansing solution.  This way, you can rest assured that your Golden has healthy ears.

Grooming is an essential aspect to the health of every Golden Retriever.  All it takes is a little bit of time from your day to groom your pet and keep him healthy.  If you don’t have the time to groom your Golden, you can always take him to a professional.  Whether you do it yourself or take your Golden to a pro - grooming is something that simply must be done.


Through breeding experiments, breeders have been able to create variations of the German Shepherd. Such experiments gave way to new kinds of German Shepherd dogs, one of which is the white German Shepherd. But in spite of these great results, there are some people who wish to stick to its roots by breeding old-style German Shepherds which are larger than your usual German Shepherd. These purists argue that though these experiments can produce German shepherds with special attributes, the qualities which gave the breed its reputation such as intelligence may disappear.

English: A German Shepherd yawning.
A German Shepherd yawning.
(Photo credit: 

The different lines of German Shepherds

For those who do not know anything about German Shepherds, you may think that all of these dogs are one and the same. They are not. In fact, there are many lines of this breed and the old-style is just one of them. Each line was created for a specific purpose and these are:

- International working line. This line of German Shepherds is bred mainly to gain the working traits rather than the looks. Because of this, the appearance of these dogs may differ.

- International show line. This line was designed for breeders who are after the appearance of the dog rather than its working traits.

- North American show lines. This line was designed also more for the looks of the dog but with certain variations. These include sloped backs and sharper angulations. There are now debates on whether this line should be considered as a different breed of dog altogether. But breeders of this line argue that though there are great changes in the appearance of the dog, the working attributes have not been changed.


Aside from the lines stated above, there is also another line which is called the old-style German Shepherd. The goal of the breeders of this line is simply to bring back the German Shepherd dogs to the way it was before. They aim to produce a line of dogs that looks and acts the same as its first ancestors. The old-style German Shepherd differs from the regular German Shepherd simply by its sheer size. A normal German Shepherd is around 24 to 26 inches tall. The old-style German Shepherds dwarf them by four more inches. So an old-style German Shepherd is about 30 inches in height and would weigh around 124 lbs. or 54 kg. Though the features on the face are the same with regular German Shepherds, the old-style dogs have larger heads. The other physical attributes of this kind of breed include a straighter back, big bones, and no extreme angulations on the legs, giving it a noble and more poised look.